切换导航

世界野生动物基金WWF气候博客

Hurricane Sandy Damage along the New Jersey coast

美国市长会议通过决议支持和推进有弹性的社区

  • 日期2013年6月28日
  • 作者尼克桑特

2013年6月21日至24日,在内华达州拉斯维加斯举行的年会上,美国市长会议通过了一项决议,支持和推动有弹性的社区。该决议指出最近的极端气候及其影响,“该国需要更具弹性的社区,能够忍受和克服这些气候变化,能源和经济挑战“ 然后 ”现在采取行动将有助于拯救生命,增加对破坏性气候变化影响的准备,扩大能源独立性,加强当地经济,节约能源和资金“。

+$SUPPORTING AND ADVANCING RESILIENT COMMUNITIES

+$WHEREAS,+$the strength and resilience of the country is increasingly at risk as our cities and communities face rising threats from extreme weather, natural disasters, and energy volatility, potentially jeopardizing continued prosperity and security; and

+$WHEREAS,+$extreme weather has hit every region in the U.S. last year; and

+$WHEREAS+$, four out of five Americans live in counties that were hit by at least one federally declared weather-related disaster in the last six years; and

+$WHEREAS+$, the country has endured a record number of extreme weather events fueled by a changing climate – heat waves, droughts, hurricanes, flooding – that cost the country an estimated $188 billion in 2011–2012; and

+$WHEREAS,+$the U.S. has seen 130 separate billion-dollar-plus disasters in the past 30 years, including 14 in 2011 and 11 in 2012; and

+$WHEREAS,+$Hurricane Sandy led to more than 100 deaths and is projected to have caused more than $70 billion in damages, and shut off power to an estimated 7.5 million people; and

+$WHEREAS,+$Hurricane Katrina led to more than 1,800 deaths and more than $80 billion in losses and a subsequent $120 billion in federal recovery spending; and

+$WHEREAS,+$disadvantaged communities are often the most vulnerable to the adverse effects of extreme weather and the least equipped to recover quickly; and

+$WHEREAS,+$while more extreme weather stresses our communities, our aging infrastructure continues to suffer from neglect and underfunding, so much so that the American Society of Civil Engineers has twice given the country’s infrastructure a “D” grade, in 2009 and 2013, across 16 critical sectors, and revealing that the country faces a $1.6 trillion gap in necessary infrastructure investment; and

+$WHEREAS,+$local communities are vulnerable to energy disruptions due to an aging and unreliable power grid, and harmed by volatile energy prices and dependence on foreign energy; and

+$WHEREAS,+$the country needs more resilient communities, able to endure and overcome these climate change, energy, and economic challenges; and

+$WHEREAS,+$taking action now will help save lives and increase preparedness to destructive climate change impacts, expand energy independence, strengthen local economies, and save energy and money; and

+$WHEREAS,+$for every $1 spent now on disaster preparedness and resilience-building, the country can avoid at least $4 in future losses; and

+$WHEREAS,+$American innovations are improving local energy resilience and energy independence, including cost-competitive solar installations, local energy efficiency programs, and smart grid and micro-grid technologies; and

+$WHEREAS,+$as cities work to chart their own road to resilience, they can benefit from existing tools, resources, and efforts, such as the Resilient Communities for America campaign; and

+$WHEREAS,+$with the right tools and support, mayors can lead on the solutions to build stronger, more resilient communities that can sustainably prosper for generations to come,

+$NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED+$that The United States Conference of Mayors will support efforts by communities across the nation to advance sound resiliency policies and programs that (1) identify and plan for the risk and challenges posed by a changing climate, (2) deploy a skilled workforce to modernize critical infrastructure in the energy, communications, buildings, water, and transportation sectors, (3) strengthen the community as a whole to be a safer, healthier place to live, and (4) when these tragic disaster events do occur, support efforts that help communities prepare, mitigate, respond, and recover in a smarter and greener way; and

+$BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED+$, that The United States Conference of Mayors urges Congress to support federal efforts that will help states and localities develop and implement resiliency action plans and help identify innovative financing opportunities to implement these plans, and reinstate and expand disaster mitigation grants which assist in disaster preparedness and infrastructure improvements.

+$Projected Cost: Unknown

+$Online Resources

+$Resilient Cities for America

+$Earth Hour City Challenge, main U.S. Site+$EarthHourCities.org

+$Earth Hour City Challenge, international site.+$Follow the Earth Hour City Challenge on Facebook and Twitter+$@EHcitychallenge

+$ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability USA+$. See ICLEI's+$In Hottest Year on Record, a Wake Up Call for Cities and Counties+$, a fact sheet on how 20 leading cities and counties experienced extreme weather and climate impacts in 2012, and how they are responding through climate adaptation.

+$Vancouver crowned Earth Hour Capital 2013+$. Press release from Earth Hour City Challenge, 19 March 2013.

+$World cities take the lead on essential climate action.+$Press release from Earth Hour City Challenge, 17 January 2013.

+$WWF Climate Change Blog (archives through May 2013),+$Earth Hour City Challenge section:



翻译字数超限